The internal jugular vein arises at the cranial base in the jugular foramen. Further, the vein passes inferiorly within the carotid sheath situated anterolateral to the carotid artery. At the level of the sternoclavicular joint, the internal jugular vein units with the subclavian vein to form the brachiocephalic vein.
On its course, the internal jugular vein receives several tributaries, including:
The internal jugular vein collects venous blood from the brain, skull, and superficial parts of the face and neck.